Subdirector de la Carrera de Especialista en Endocrinología Pediátrica, Universidad de Buenos Aires. La criptorquidia es la anomalía genital más común en el recién nacido varón .. alternativas: la cirugía a cielo abierto o la laparoscopia. Acta Pediátrica de México Volumen 27, Núm. 6, noviembre-diciembre, Criptorquidia. Nueva Se analiza qué pacientes requieren cirugía y cuáles Palabras clave: Criptorquidia, testículos, tratamiento hormonal, tratamiento quirúrgico. Revista Mexicana de Cirugía Pediátrica 15 years of age, with criptorquidia inguinal, patients by means of orquidopexia paraescrotal, in a pediatric Hospital.

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The observation in some occidental countries of an increment in the prevalence of criptorchidism associated with hypospadias, male infertility and testicular cancer suggested that environmental factors might disrupt endocrine function involved in the differentiation of the male reproductive apparatus.

criptorquidia cirugia pediatrica pdf – PDF Files

In a first review, Pyorala et al. Immediate surgical complications, such as hematomas and infections are rare. This was not observed in the group ciruiga late orchidopexy. Testis and epidydimis, involved in the peritoneum, slide into the inguinal canal guided by the gubernaculum. Primordial germ cells differentiate into gonocytes, which in turn give rise to fetal spermatogonia, then intermediate forms and adult dark spermatogonia Ad.

Orchidopexy of the high undescended testis testis by division of the espermatic vessels: In the absence of palpable testes, it is important to criptorquieia in mind that the patient could be a virilized girl, such as in congenital adrenal hyperplasia secondary to hydroxylase deficiency. However, semen analysis was similar in hCG treated and non-treated criptorchid subjects, suggesting that fertility was not affected.

Acta Paediatr The results allow to corroborate that dissection of the elements vascular is made without difficulty by goes paraescrotal, avoiding dissection of the inguinal channel. A study including data of 1, consecutive boys who underwent testicular biopsy simultaneously pediatricca surgery for cryptorchidism. Indeed, caudal region defects in humans are associated with criptorchidism.


Elisa Vaiani, Marco A. The gubernaculum is enlarged by increasing its water contents widening the inguinal canal reaching a maximum around the 7th months of fetal life. The Nordic Research Group on cryptorchidism 58based on the fact that testicular descent is not expected pediatricca 6 moths of age, and on the correlation found between spermatic activity and testicular volume, propose to perform orchidopexy between 6 and 12 months of age.

A metaanalysis including four studies, revealed that the risk of developing pediatricx tumor was significantly increased when orchidopexy was carried out after years of age. Serum levels of ;ediatrica B were decreased, along with an increase of serum FSH. Finally, after a period of relative quiescence the germ cell maturation process is reinitiated all the way up to full maturation. The higher prevalence in certain populations and geographical areas suggest the presence of genetic and environmental factors.

Inhibin B is the most important inhibin in males and it reflexes the functional capacity of Sertoli cells. Arch Dis Child En la Argentina, Gotlieb y col. Germ cell development in the descended and cryptorchid testis and the effects of hormonal manipulation.

criptorquidia cirugia pediatrica pdf

To describe the results obtained in patients with concrete testicles in the inguinal channel operated by means of the paraescrotal orquidopexiy. Probably, the problem is multifactorial.

More than articles have been published so far. On the other hand, from studies in animals, it has been proposed that the effect of testosterone is indirect, mediated by calcitonin gene related peptide CGRP production in the genitofemoral nerve 5.

Managment of cryptorchidism in children: As it will be seen later on, it is presently the preferred treatment in developed countries. Normal maturation of the germinal epithelium depends on the presence of normal levels of gonadotropins and testosterone at critical periods of development Update on congenital versus acquired undescended testes: This important step in gonocyte maturation occurs during the first 6 months ctiptorquidia postnatal life, at the time of minipuberty. In the case of a defect in testosterone synthesis, AMH levels increase significantly, both in the neonatal period and in puberty 8, 9.


This study proposes that cryptorchidism is secondary to a primary testicular defect. However, in order to preserve future fertility and to decrease the incidence of cancer, many studies recommend early correction.

Prevalence of acquired undescended testis in 6-year, 9-year and year-old Dutch schoolboys. In figure 2, a brief description of this process is shown. These cells support a number of germ cells, and their number define future spermatogenic capacity. This peditrica had a negative correlation with testicular volume and a positive one with FSH levels in adulthood.

The secretion of AMH increases up to 12 months of age, to subsequently decrease gradually up to puberty, at a time when an inverse correlation with testosterone is established. The gonad is caudally bound to the mesonephros which later differentiates into the gubernaculum reaching the internal inguinal orifice. Therefore, in the majority of the cases, it is not possible to determine a single pediaatrica factor.

Association of different gene polymorphisms with environmental factors have been studied, but with little success Similar conclusions were reached from the study of Ong et al.

The use of hormone therapy in cryptorchidism. The hypothalamus-pituitary-testis axis in boys during the first six months of life: On the other hand, in the group who had had orchidopexy before the age of 13 years, RR was 2.